Practice Sun Safety
We all love basking in the sun, but we need to protect ourselves from sunburn. Your risk of sunburn increases depending on:
- The time of day. You are more likely to get a sunburn between 11 in the morning and 4 in the afternoon.
- Whether you are near reflective surfaces, such as water, concrete, snow, and ice.
- The season of the year. The position of the sun on summer days can cause more severe sunburn.
- Altitude. It is easy to get sunburned at higher altitudes because there is less of the earth's atmosphere to block the sunlight. UV exposure increases about 4% for every 300 m (1000 ft) gain in elevation.
- Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of at least SPF 30. Generously apply it 20 minutes before going outside—and reapply frequently.
- Wear a hat and sunglasses with an ultraviolet (UV) A/B certified seal.
- Plan your adventures before 11 a.m. and after 4 p.m. when the sun's rays are less harsh.
Stay Cool and Hydrated
- Stay hydrated. Take water with you when you exercise, or exercise early in the day or later in the evening when it is cooler. Drink lots of water and other non-alcoholic, non-caffeinated drinks.
- Increase your vitamin C intake—it provides a natural defense against heat stroke, exhaustion, and heat rash.
- Make sure to stay cool by wearing light-coloured clothing and seeking shade often.
Be Safe In and On the Water
- When spending the day on the lake or river, make sure you and your family are equipped with life jackets that are properly fitted to each individual and approved by Transport Canada.
- Never underestimate the power of current. Swimmers or waders can be swept away in an instant, even in knee-deep water.
- Children can drown in as little as one inch of water, so never leave them unsupervised.