The Land Use Bylaw topics on this page address where and how we live and stay in our town and ensuring it is affordable and inclusive for our neighbours, workers, children, and visitors.
For information on accessory dwelling units (suites), house massing and what types of roof styles should be allowed in Canmore, as well as what driveway locations (front or back) should be allowed for new developments, visit Building
Click here to see the current Land Use Bylaw.
Providing housing for employees is important to ensure that people who work in Canmore can also live in Canmore. Currently, the only places in Canmore that require Employee Housing are in Three Sisters Mountain Village, Spring Creek Mountain Village, and SilverTip.
The vacancy rate for housing in Canmore has been 0% for the past several years, and therefore there are very few places for employees working in the tourism, hospitality, and wellness industries to live. The Comprehensive Housing Action Plan and past Council direction have both called for new visitor accommodation developments to provide Employee Housing.
What is new?
After conducting a thorough review of the regulations which exist in the LUB and all previous approaches, it has been determined that the LUB is overstepping its jurisdiction of regulating “the use and development of land and buildings” under section 640(1) of the MGA by trying to regulate the user (i.e. those who can occupy a dwelling unit). The proposed by Administration is to introduce a new built form(s) in residential and commercial districts that would allow for higher tenant densities in the form of buildings with communal eating and living spaces but with separate sleeping quarters (referred to as Common Amenity Housing).
Accessory Dwelling Units
Canmore has experienced an increase in housing costs and a shortage of housing. The Town is undertaking a variety of strategies to address this issue, including allowing for accessory dwelling units in more areas. Accessory dwelling units, which include secondary suites, garden suites and garage suites, can help improve housing affordability and supply. They can also act as “mortgage helpers,” providing additional income for existing homeowners. In areas where accessory dwelling units are currently allowed, they typically are built and occupied in approximately 25% of potential units.
What is new?
Currently, accessory dwelling units are only allowed in in some areas in Canmore. The new Land Use Bylaw allows for accessory dwelling units within all R1 (detached) land use districts, as follows:
1. Attached accessory dwellings (e.g., secondary or basement suites) would be allowed in:
2. Detached accessory dwellings (e.g., garden or garage suites) are permitted for a single storey and discretionary if they are more than one storey tall. As a result of the regulation, the R1S Residential Detached with Suites District is removed and all existing R1S properties are redesignated to R1, as that district would become redundant with the new regulations.
The new Land Use Bylaw will have all R1S districts become R1 as noted on the map below.
3. Detached Dwellings are now a discretionary use and Detached with an Accessory Dwelling Unit are a permitted use in all residential districts (to provide further incentives to create ADUs).
4. One parking stall must be provided per ADU.
Read a summary about how accessory dwelling units are currently regulated here.
Maximum Dwelling (House) Size
The size and massing of houses in Canmore affects how the town looks and feels. It also affects the cost and supply of housing. The Municipal Development Plan (MDP) provides direction to the Town to consider a maximum dwelling size in order to promote sustainable housing design and to limit the impact of housing massing in neighbourhoods.
What is new?
A limit to the size of dwellings already exists in the current Land Use Bylaw, but it only applies to a section of the R1 district in the valley-bottom area. The new Land Use Bylaw applies a maximum house size of 325 m2 (approximately 3,500 ft2), OR a maximum floor area ratio of 0.35 for lots larger than 930 m2, within the R1, R1A, and R1B districts. This means that large lots would be allowed to have larger homes on them. Garages would not count towards this limit, but the proposed Land Use Bylaw does include a limit of 60 m2 for garages within these districts.
A legal review of this requirement has been completed, and it has been determined that the Town is enabled to regulate building size through the LUB.
Read a summary about how house sizes are currently regulated pdf here (112 KB) .
Older Canmore neighbourhoods feature lanes (alleys). These lanes provide access to garages located behind houses, allowing for residents to park on their property rather than on the public street. Minimizing the number and width of front driveways along streets can be desirable, as it allows for a more continuous pedestrian environment that is not interrupted by vehicle crossings and creates a landscaped front yard as opposed to what can appear as a "parking lot."
What is new?
The current Land Use Bylaw states that access to a property "should" be provided by the lane where a lane exists. The new Land Use Bylaw changes the word "should" to "must," requiring new developments along streets with lanes to use the lane for vehicle access and prohibiting front drive garages. Under the new Land Use Bylaw, a landowner would have to obtain a variance to construct a new driveway on a property that is served by a back lane. This is consistent with how administration has been interpreting the bylaw.