Town of Canmore

Cougar Creek

This page contains information on the Debris Retention Structure and will be updated on a regular basis during construction - keeping you up to date on impacts in the area.

Construction Impacts - Updated November 22, 2021

*Construction updates will resume once work re-starts in spring 2022.* 

  • The next phase of work is better suited for warmer weather. Work has shutdown for the winter and will resume in the spring.
  • The Lady MacDonald hiking trail is open. The trail will close again once work resumes in the spring.
  • Cougar Creek Canyon remains closed for the duration of construction (tentatively summer of 2023).
  • The following closures will be in place:

Online Project Updates

November 16, 2021 Update: An update on the Mountain Creek Hazard Mitigation (MCHM) Program and Cougar Creek was provided to Council on November 16, 2021. You can view a replay of the presentation here. The MCHM presentation starts at 2:02:30, the section specific to Cougar Creek starts at 2:29:00. 

June 3, 2021 Project Update

Long-Term Mitigation: Debris Flood Retention Structure 

What will it look like?

  • 34m high rock-filled embankment dam (not constructed out of concrete)
  • Upstream and downstream faces covered by soil and seeded
  • 20m wide rock-cut spillway on the east abutment that includes wildlife egress areas

What will it do?

  • Existing channel and downstream culverts can accommodate 50-60 m3/s, but a natural event on the creek could easily reach 80 m3/s peak flow with 20% debris (fine sediment to large boulders, including gravel and woody debris)
  • The Structure reduces peak flow to 45 m3/s. It further reduces the quantity of debris and removes the larger debris
  • The risk to downstream private and commercial properties, as well as infrastructure, is therefore reduced to an acceptable level
  • There is no water retention during regular operation (dry dam) – water flows freely through a low-level outlet
  • A high capacity spillway is required to ensure flows can bypass the structure during an extreme flood event

Contact Us

For more information on the project email us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or sign up to our mailing list below

Subscribe to Cougar Creek Mailing List

* indicates required
For more history on Cougar Creek visit the Creek Resources Webpage

Frequently Asked Questions

What do the construction closures involve?
The closure during construction will impact climbing and hiking in Cougar Creek; all other access to the trails and scrambles in the area will remain open with the exception of blasting closures. Trails that will remain open include Montane, Lady MacDonald (now closed for blasting and worker safety), Grotto Mountain and the Horseshoe loop. Do not attempt to access the closure area at, thru, or around the construction sites at any time.
Why are closures being put in place? What alternatives were considered?
The construction closure is to ensure public and contractor safety as well as timely and cost-efficient construction.
Alberta Parks and the Town of Canmore considered constructing an alternative route around the closure to access Cougar Creek Canyon. Due to the challenging steep terrain on Lady MacDonald and Grotto Mountain, Alberta Parks determined that closing access is the best alternative for ensuring public safety. 
Is it possible to hike around the closure to access the canyon?
Hiking around the closure to access Cougar Canyon is not permitted. There is a designated wildlife corridor in this area of Bow Valley Wildland Provincial Park and use is only permitted on designated trails.
Construction Contract Details
The contract to construct the Debris Flood Retention Structure has been awarded to Flatiron Constructors Canada Limited. The contract was awarded at a value of $32.8 million. They bring essential experience in building large infrastructure projects in challenging locations. 

RIDGE Environmental Planning will serve as a third-party Environmental Monitor during the construction of the Cougar Creek Structure. The contract was awarded at a value of $159,000. 
What environmental studies have been undertaken for the project?
A very comprehensive Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been undertaken for the project. The EIA was followed by three rounds of supplemental information request by Alberta Environment and Parks (AEP). Once the EIA was deemed complete by AEP, the Natural Resource Conservation Board reviewed the project and approved it in October of 2019. The EIA and supplemental information reports, as well as the NRCB review and decision can be found here.
What environmental approvals are required for the project?
The following approvals have been acquired for the project:
NRCB Approval
Water Act Approval
Alberta Parks Disposition (land within the Bow Valley Wildland Provincial Park that is being leased to the Town of Canmore for the construction, operation, and maintenance of the Debris Flood Retention Structure).
How is the Town ensuring that the best environmental practices are being followed during construction?
The Town has been working with its consultants and Alberta Environment and Parks to create guiding documents for the construction of the project. The two main guiding documents are:
1. The Construction Environmental Management Plan, that describes principles, best practices and specific requirements during the construction of the project; and 
2. The Water Quality Management and Monitoring Environmental Protection Plan, that describes the water monitoring requirements during construction of the project.
Moreover, the contractor is required to submit to the Town and its consultants several work plans and environmental protection plans (EPPs) that need to follow the requirements of the guiding documents described above. Examples of plans required for the project: Care of Water work plan, Erosion and Sediment Control EPP, Wildlife and Human Conflict EPP, Invasive Species Control EPP, etc.
How are environmental issues being monitored during construction?
The Town has hired a third-party consultant, RIDGE Environmental Planning, to monitor the environmental aspects of the project during construction. RIDGE works directly for the Town and is responsible for monitoring compliance with the guiding documents. They have a dedicated Environmental Monitor, based out of Canmore, that regularly visits the site and provide reports and guidance to the Town.

The Town of Canmore is located within Treaty 7 region of Southern Alberta. In the spirit of respect, reciprocity and truth, we honour and acknowledge the Canmore area, known as “Chuwapchipchiyan Kudi Bi” (translated in Stoney Nakoda as “shooting at the willows”) and the traditional Treaty 7 territory and oral practices of the Îyârhe Nakoda (Stoney Nakoda) – comprised of the Bearspaw First Nation, Chiniki First Nation, and Wesley First Nation – as well as the Tsuut’ina First Nation and the Blackfoot Confederacy comprised of the Siksika, Piikani, Kainai. We acknowledge that this territory is home to the Métis Nation of Alberta, Region 3, within the historical Northwest Métis homeland. We acknowledge all Nations who live, work, and play and help us steward this land and honour and celebrate this territory. We commit to working to live in right relations and to advance Truth and Reconciliation.

Website Security Test